Housing Situation 4-month Update, 27 August 2015

August 30, 2015 by  
Filed under Housing

The impact of the 25 April and 12 May earthquakes resulted in over two million people losing their houses due to damage. Initially, the earthquake resulted in significant population movements within and between districts.

However, by mid-July, most people had returned to their VDC of residence. The vast majority of the population stays in close proximity to their original residence, however, a small minority or 2.5% of this group were residing in spontaneous settlement sites as of mid-July.

In addition, due to the increased risk of landslides due to the earthquakes and monsoon rains, about 17,000 households (HHs), or almost 80,000 people, have left their houses on their own or with Government support since July. About 100 fatalities from landslides have been reported since the start of the monsoon, primarily outside the 14 priority districts. This is above average for Nepal, but considering the elevated risk as a result of the earthquakes, the figure is lower than expected.

During September and October this year, population movements are expected to increase, particularly with the mass outflux from the Kathmandu Valley to districts before the Dashain festival beginning in late October. On a smaller scale, with the end of the monsoon, the majority of those residing in spontaneous settlement and those relocated due to landslide risks will likely return to their original residence. Ensuring comprehensive returns will also depend on the availability of support for shelter reconstruction.

(Read more: Landslides and DisplacementSituation Update)

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